Even if the US emerged as an independent country after 1776, and was recognized in 1783 the history of this land is deeper than that. It is not exactly known how the native Americans settled in the American

continent but a theory says that people migrated from Eurasia starting thirty thousand years ago across a land bridge known as Beringia which connected Siberia to North America during the ice age.

The United States has an interesting and different history. Hawaii was not inhabited until the first century AD. Native development started with the settlement of Polynesian people between the first and tenth centuries. Starting in the fifteenth-century European colonization began.

In 1492 a Spanish expedition headed by the Italian explorer Christopher Columbus sailed West to find a new trade route to the far East but landed in what came to be known to Europeans as the new world. After this event in the next decades more and more ships sailed West to establish colonies and trade posts. The land of Americans was colonized by the Spaniards and French who began building their American Empire using islands such as Cuba Federico and Hispaniola as bases in East and North America and several Caribbean islands and small coastal parts of South America.

The Eastern seacoast was settled primarily by English colonists in the 17th century. Along with the much smaller number of dutch and swedes. In 1607, on the James River in Virginia, Jamestown, the first successful English colony was established .  A new wave of colonists arrived in the late 17 century and established commercial agriculture based on tobacco. Despite the conflicts between the native Americans and English settlers the colonies managed to expand at a continually increasing rate. People settled in each of the 13 American colonies. Each colony was ruled by a governor appointed from London who controlled the administration and relied upon the locally elected legislature to vote taxes and make laws. By the 18th century, the American colonies were growing very rapidly.

The question of independence from Britain did not arise as long as the colonies needed British military support against the French and Spanish powers. The political development of the colonies created the French and Indian war that lasted 7 years. Britain beat French forces and France lost their colonies and territories. The British parliament passed the stamp act of 1765 imposing attacks on the colonies that failed to follow the colonial legislatures. The colonists refused to pay the taxes as tensions escalated in the late 1760s and early 1770s. The Boston tea party in 1773 marked the start of the revolution to protest against the new tax on tea. Parliament quickly responded the next year with the coercive acts stripping Massachusetts of its historic right of self-government and putting it under army rule which sparked outrage and resistance in all 13 colonies. Leaders from all 13 colonies gathered and created the first continental congress to coordinate their resistance. Congress called for a boycott of British trade, published a list of rights and grievances, and petitioned the king for the redress of those grievances. It was not about independence at that point but this appeal had no effect and so the second continental congress was created in 1775 to organize the defense of the colonies against the British army. The 13 colonies began a rebellion against British rule in 1775 and proclaimed their independence in 1776 as the United States of America.

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